In 2016, the Obama Administration promulgated regulations prohibiting pre-dispute arbitration agreements between nursing homes residents (or their representative) and facilities. On July 18, 2019, the Trump Administration published a Final Rule rolling back certain features of the 2016 resident protection. Most notably, the Final Rule removes the requirement prohibiting facilities from entering into pre-dispute arbitration agreements with residents, while maintaining the 2016 ban on requiring residents to agree to arbitration as a condition of admission or as a requirement for continued care.
Additionally, the Final Rule includes the following protections:
- Facilities must explicitly inform residents that signing an arbitration agreement is not a requirement and include that language in the agreement;
- Arbitration agreements must be in a form and manner that the resident can understand and residents must acknowledge that they understand the agreement;
- Residents have the right to rescind the arbitration agreement within 30 calendar days of signing the agreement;
- Arbitration agreements cannot contain language that prohibits or discourages any individual from contacting federal, state, or local officials;
- Facilities must retain copies of the signed arbitration agreement and the arbitrator’s decision for five years and make them available to the Centers for Medicare & Medicaid Services (CMS) for inspection; and
- Both parties must agree upon the selection of the neutral arbitrator and the venue.
The CMS decision to roll back the 2016 ban on pre-dispute arbitration agreements is troubling. The nursing home admission process is a stressful, emotional event for the residents and their family. Even if the above protections are in place, it is questionable whether residents and their families will be fully informed before consenting to arbitration.
Nursing home resident advocates believe CMS should reverse its decision to allow facilities to enter into pre-dispute arbitration agreements with residents and reinstate the 2016 regulations.